• Arnold Schroder

Bibliography for The Biology of the Right-Left Divide pt. 1

Updated: Aug 23



Adorno, T. W., Frenkel-Brunswik, E., Levinson, D. J. & Sanford, R. N. (1950) The Authoritarian Personality. Harper and Row.


Alford, J. R., Funk, C. L. & Hibbing, J. R. (2005) Are Political Orientations Genetically Transmitted? The American Political Science Review 99(2):153-68.


Altemeyer, R. A. (1998) The other “authoritarian personality.” Advances in experimental social psychology 30:47-91.


Amodio D. M., Jost J. T., Master S. L. & Yee, C. M. (2007) Neurocognitive correlates of liberalism and conservatism. Nature Neuroscience 10:1246–47.


Anti-Defamation League Center on Extremism. (2019). Murder and extremism in the United States in 2018.https://www.adl.org/media/12480/download


Block, J. & Block, J. H. (2006). Nursery school personality and political orientation two decades later. Journal of Research in Personality 40:734–49.


Bouchard, T. J., Segal, N. L., Tellegen, A., McGue, M., Keyes, M. & Krueger, R. (2003) Evidence of the construct validity and heritability of the Wilson-Patterson conservatism scale: A reared-apart twins study of social attitudes. Personality and Individual Differences 34:959–69.


Carney, D. R., Jost J.T. & Gosling, S. D. (2008) The secret lives of liberals and conservatives: Personality profiles, interaction styles, and the things they leave behind. Political Psychology 29: 807– 40.


Carraro, L., Castelli, L. & Macchiella, C. (2011) The automatic conservative: Ideology-based attentional asymmetries in the processing of valenced information. PloS One 6(11):e26456. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0026456


Dodd, M. D., Balzer, A., Jacobs, C. M., Gruszczynski, M. W., Smith, K. B. & Hibbing, J. R.(2012) The political left rolls with the good and the political right confronts the bad: connecting physiology and cognition to preferences. Philosophical Transactions: Biological Sciences 367(1589):640-49.


Eaves, L. J., Heath, A. C., Martin, N. G., Maes, H. H., Neale, M. C., Kendler, K. S., Kirk, K. M., & Corey, L. (1999) Comparing the biological and cultural inheritance of personality and social attitudes in the Virginia 30,000 study of twins and their relatives. Twin Research 2:62-80.


Hatemi, P. K., Gillespie, N. A., Eaves, L. J., Maher, B. S., Webb, B. T., Heath, A. C., Medland, S. E., Smyth, D. C., Beeby, H. N., Gordon, S. D., Montgomery, G. W., Zhu, G., Byrne, E. M. & Martin, N. G. (2011) A genome-wide analysis of liberal and conservative political attitudes. Journal of Politics 73(1):1–15.


Hibbing, J. R., Smith, K. B., & Alford, J. R. (2014) Differences in negativity bias underlie variations in political ideology. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37:297–307.


Hodson, G. & Busseri, M. A. (2012) Bright Minds and Dark Attitudes: Lower Cognitive Ability Predicts Greater Prejudice Through Right-Wing Attitudes and Low Intergroup Contact. Psychological Science 23(2):187-95.


Jost, J. T., Glaser, J., Kruglanski, A. W. & Sulloway, F. J. (2003) Political conservatism as motivated social cognition. Psychological Bulletin 129:339–75.


Kanai, R., Feilden, T., Firth, C. & Rees, G. (2011) Political orientations are correlated with brain structure in young adults. Current Biology 21:677–80.


Katz, Y. J. (2001). Intelligence as a function of conservatism among white South African students. Journal of Social Psychology 130:477–84.


Kemmelmeir, M. (2008). Is there a relationship between cognitive ability and political orientation? A test of three hypotheses in two studies. Personality and Individual Differences 45:767-72.


Lakoff, G. 1994. Moral Politics. Chicago University Press.


Lapsley, D. K. & Enright, R. D. (1979) The effects of social desirability, intelligence, and milieu on an American validation of the conservativism scale. The Journal of Social Psychology 107:9-14.


McCourt, K., Bouchard, T. J. Jr., Lykken, D. T., Tellegen, A. & Keyes, M. (1999) Authoritarianism revisited: genetic and environmental influences examined in twins reared apart and together. Personality and Individual Differences 27(15):985-1014.


Napier, J. L., Huang, J., Vonasch, A. J.& Bargh, J. A. (2018) Superheroes for change: Physical safety promotes socially (but not economically) progressive attitudes among conservatives. European Journal of Social Psychology 48:187–95.


Oxley, D. R., Smith, K. B., Alford, J. R., Hibbing, M. V., Miller, J. L., Scalora, M., Hatemi, P. K. & Hibbing, J. R. (2008) Political attitudes vary with physiological traits. Science 321:1667–70.


Piurko, Y., Schwartz, S. & Davidov, E. (2011) Basic personal values and the meaning of left-right political orientations in 20 countries. Political Psychology 32 (40):537–61.


Pratto, F., Sidanius, J., Stallworth, L. M. & Malle, B. F. (1994) Social dominance orientation: A personality variable predicting social and political attitudes. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 67:741-63.


Rule. N. L. & Ambady, N. (2005) Democrats and Republicans can be differentiated from their faces. PLoS One 5(1): e8733. doi:10.1371/ journal.pone.0008733


Schreiber, D., Fonzo, G., Simmons, A. N., Dawes, C. T., Flagan, T., Fowler, J. H., & Paulus, M. P. (2013) Red brain, blue brain: Evaluative processes differ in Democrats and Republicans. PloS One 8(2):e52970. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0052970


Shook, N.J, & Clay, R. (2011) Valence Asymmetry in Attitude Formation: A Correlate of Political Ideology. Social Psychological and Personality Science 2(6):650-55.


Shook, N. J. & Fazio, R. H. (2009) Political ideology, exploration of novel stimuli, and attitude formation. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 45(4):995–98.


Sidanius, J. (1985) Cognitive functioning and sociopolitical ideology revisited. Political Psychology 6:637–62.


Stankov, L. (2009) Conservativism and cognitive ability. Intelligence 37:294-305.


Tetlock, P. E. (1983) Cognitive style and political ideology. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 45:118-26.


Tetlock, P. E. (1984) Cognitive style and political belief systems in the British House of Commons. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 46:365-75.


Vigil, J. M. (2010) Political leanings vary with facial expression processing and psychosocial functioning. Group Processes Intergroup Relations 5:547–58. British Journal of Social and Clinical


Wilson, G.D. (1973) The psychology of conservativism. Academic Press.
















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